Dr. [Jim] Gray called the shift a “fourth paradigm.” The first three paradigms were experimental, theoretical and, more recently, computational science. He explained this paradigm as an evolving era in which an “exaflood” of observational data was threatening to overwhelm scientists. The only way to cope with it, he argued, was a new generation of scientific computing tools to manage, visualize and analyze the data flood.
Thomas Kuhn was the first to coin the phrase "paradigm shift". It is fascinating to see how the idea of "paradigm" (with respect to science) has developed in more recent times. Is there even a forth paradigm as suggested by Dr Jim Gray?